Team Roles in successful, value-adding teams

"A team is not a bunch of people with job titles, but a congregation of individuals, each of whom has a role which is understood by other members. Members of a team seek out certain roles and they perform most effectively in the ones that are most natural to them."
Dr. R. M. Belbin
Role Contribution Allowable weaknesses
Plant Creative, imaginative, unorthodox. Solves difficult problems (introverted). Ignores incidentals. Preoccupied with own thoughts. May not communicate effectively. Could be unorthodox or forgetful.
Resource Investigator Extrovert, enthusiastic, communicative. Explores opportunities. Develops contacts Overoptimistic. Can lose interest once initial enthusiasm has passed (impatient and fickle). Might forget to follow up on a lead.
Monitor / Evaluator Serious-minded, logical, strategic and discerning. Sees all options. Judges accurately. Can lack drive and ability to inspire others (bureaucrat, bean counter). Could be overly critical and slow moving.
Coordinator Mature, confident. Clarifies goals. Brings people together to promote team discussions, delegates. Can be manipulative. Offloads personal work. Might over delegate leaving themselves little work to do.
Implementer Disciplined, reliable, conservative in habits. A capacity for taking practical steps and actions Somewhat inflexible. Slow to respond to new possibilities. Might be slow to relinquish their plans in favour of positive changes.
Completer / Finisher Conscientious. Polish” and scrutinise the work for errors, Quality control Inclined to worry unduly. Reluctant to delegate. Could be accused of taking their perfectionism to the extremes
Team Worker Cooperative, mild and diplomatic. Listens and avoids friction Indecisive in crunch situations (may become emotional). Might become indecisive when unpopular decisions need to be made.
Shaper Challenging, dynamic. Thrives on pressure. Has the drive and courage to overcome obstacles Prone to provocation. May offend others (impatient and abrasive). Could risk becoming aggressive in their attempts to get things done.
Specialist Single-minded, self-starting, dedicated. Provides knowledge and skills in rare supply. Contributes on only a limited front. Dwells on specialised personal interests. May have a tendency to focus narrowly on their own subject of choice.
Action Oriented Roles Shaper Challenges the team to improve.
Implementer Puts ideas into action
Completer Finisher Ensures thorough, timely completion
People Oriented Roles Coordinator Acts as a chairperson
Team Worker Encourages cooperation
Resource Investigator Explores outside opportunities.
Thought Oriented Roles Plant Presents new ideas and approaches
Monitor-Evaluator Analyzes the options.
Specialist Provides specialized skills

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